• What will my child study in first grade?


    Key Ideas & Details

    • Retell stories, including key details, and demonstrate understanding of their central message or lesson.
    • Describe characters, settings, and major events in a story, using key details.

    Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

    • Use illustrations and details in a story to describe its characters, setting, or events.

    Print Concepts

    • Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print.

    Phonological Awareness

    • Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).
    • Distinguish long from short vowel sounds in spoken single-syllable words.
    • Orally produce single-syllable words by blending sounds (phonemes), including consonant blends.
    • Isolate and pronounce initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in spoken single-syllable words.
    • Segment spoken single-syllable words into their complete sequence of individual sounds (phonemes).

    Phonics and Word Recognition

    • Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
    • Know the spelling-sound correspondences for common consonant digraphs (two letters that represent one sound).
    • Decode regularly spelled one-syllable words.
    • Know final -e and common vowel team conventions for representing long vowel sounds.
    • Use knowledge that every syllable must have a vowel sound to determine the number of syllables in a printed word.
    • Decode two-syllable words following basic patterns by breaking the words into syllables.
    • Read words with inflectional endings.
    • Recognize and read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words.


    • Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
    • Read grade-level text with purpose and understanding.
    • Read grade-level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression.
    • Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.


    Text Types and Purposes

    • Write narratives in which they recount two or more appropriately sequenced events, include some details regarding what happened, use temporal words to signal event order, and provide some sense of closure.

    Research to Build and Present Knowledge

    • With guidance and support from adults, recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question.

    Comprehension and Collaboration

    • Ask and answer questions about key details in a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media.

    Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas

    • Produce complete sentences when appropriate to task and situation.

    Conventions of Standard English

    • Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
    • Print all upper- and lowercase letters.
    • Use common, proper, and possessive nouns.
    • Use singular and plural nouns with matching verbs in basic sentences (e.g., He hops; We hop).
    • Use personal, possessive, and indefinite pronouns (e.g., I, me, my; they, them, their, anyone, everything).
    • Use verbs to convey a sense of past, present, and future
    • Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
    • Use conventional spelling for words with common spelling patterns and for frequently occurring irregular words.
    • Spell untaught words phonetically, drawing on phonemic awareness and spelling conventions.


    Operations & Algebraic Thinking

    • Use addition and subtraction within 20 to solve word problems
    • Solve word problems that call for addition of three whole numbers whose sum is less than or equal to 20
    • Understand and apply properties of operations and the relationship between addition and subtraction.
    • Add and subtract within 20.
    • Relate counting to addition and subtraction (e.g., by counting on 2 to add 2).
    • Work with addition and subtraction equations.

    Number & Operations in Base Ten

    • Extend the counting sequence.
    • Count to 120, starting at any number less than 120
    • Understand that the two digits of a two-digit number represent amounts of tens and ones. Understand the following as special cases:
      • 10 can be thought of as a bundle of ten ones — called a “ten.”
      • The numbers from 11 to 19 are composed of a ten and one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, or nine ones.
      • The numbers 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90 refer to one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, or nine tens (and 0 ones).
    • Compare two two-digit numbers based on meanings of the tens and ones digits, recording the results of comparisons with the symbols >, =, and <.
    • Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract.

    Measurement and Data

    • Order objects by length
    • Tell and write time in hours and half hours
    • Organize, represent, and interpret data with up to three categories


    • Compose rectangles, squares, trapezoids, triangles, and circles
    • Partition circles and rectangles into two and four equal shares