Head lice are a common occurrence in grade school. They tend to be worse in the hot summer months but certainly can occur at any time. Head lice are are very small bugs that are gray, brown, or white and are often difficult to see. Each female lays many eggs a day. The eggs are laid very close to the scalp on the hair shaft (usually within a fourth of an inch from the scalp). Eggs hatch within a week, the lice crawl on the hair and lay more eggs. Head lice feed by sucking blood. Itching and sores develop. Lice can fall on furniture, carpeting, stuffed animals or bedding. Other persons using these articles can be exposed to head lice. Head lice are usually passed person‑to‑person by using the same combs and brushes of infested persons. It is important that you check your child's hair weekly in order to catch this early. To check for head lice, part the hair in several places. Look especially in the regions behind the ears and near the neck. Lice move very fast and, therefore, are often difficult to see; however, nits (eggs) can be found. Nits are very small, brown to white, pinhead‑sized droplets on the hair near the scalp. If you pass your finger over the nit it does not slide off the hair easily. (Do not confuse nits with dandruff.) If one family member has lice, it is important to inspect every family member for lice‑‑treating only one person may not get rid of the problem. There are several prescription and non‑prescription shampoos available such as NIX, KWELL, etc. It is suggested to treat all family members at the same time. The nits (eggs) must be removed by hand. The nits are easier to remove if a half‑and‑half solution of vinegar and water rinse is used on the hair after treatment. Wash all bed linens, towels, combs, brushes, and clothing that may be infested, vacuum carpeting and furniture and wash all brushes and combs. . Please notify the school nurse and your child's playmates. It is important that you retreat in 7 to 10 days to kill newly hatched lice. Removing nits is difficult since they are securely cemented to hair shafts, and a few may be overlooked in thick hair. (Removal of all nits is required for student to return to classroom in this school district.) Please check children's head prior to sleep overs and avoid the sharing of brushes, combs and hats.