What does math look like at the 5th grade?
The state of Arizona follows the Standards for College and Career Readiness of Math (formerly known as Common Core). These standards were designed by a council of national math instructors who wanted to create a national curriculum that would decrease the gap between the skills students were graduating from, and what was needed to be successful in college and career fields. Below you will find links to websites having to do with the College and Career Readiness (Common Core initiative) and specific links to 5th grade math standards.
- College and Career Readiness Math Document for 5th Grade (PDF)
- Common Core Math Site (Online)
- Arizona Department of Education Common Core Math Site
What should my child know before coming to 5th grade?
5th grade is a jump up in curriculum. It is critical that students have mastered the skills they were supposed to learn in 4th grade to be successful and not struggle in 5th grade. If you child has struggled in any one of the following areas, please work with them over the summer to shore up these skills:
- Basic measurement conversions (iches to feet, inches to yards, ounces to gallons, etc.)
- Basic addition and subtraction facts
- Multiplication and division facts from 1's to 12's.
- Read, write, and speak numbers through the millions place.
- General sense of numbers and how they work.
- Multi-digit addition and subtraction
- Single digit multiplication by a multi digit number
- Double digit multiplication by a double digit number
- Division of a multi digit dividend by a single digit divisor
- Basic understanding of benchmark fractions
- Basic understanding of decimals and the base 10 place value system
*You can visit my "links" page to find websites that will help out with these skills.
Instructional Approach to curriculum in 5th Grade?
With the introduction of the College and Career Readiness standards, the approach to learning mathematics has shifted from a focus on learning the formula or algorithm of how to solve a math problem, to students creating their own understanding and strategies for solving math. For years we have taught "one way" to solve math problems. However, not all strategies make sense to every student. The human brain is complex and thinking varies from student to student. In fifth grade we provide multiple strategies based on making meaning of the math and it is focused on understanding the process of math. Students need to be able to explain why the math works and make sense of it. This doesn't mean that we don't teach the algorithm; the way you and I learned growing up. However, students won't understand the algorithm until they are able to make sense of the concepts behind the algorithm. Then it will have a lasting impression and they will have long term understanding.
Below are links to three examples of strategies we use in 5th grade. Click on them to watch videos on how to use the strategies:
Topics of Study in 5th Grade: For the 2020-2021 school year, Deer Valley USD is utilizing the Eureka Math Materials for instruction of the College and Career Readiness Standards. Eureka Math is the company that created Engage NY. The district made the decision to go with Eureka Math because the company will no longer be continuing to update and support the online files for the Engage NY system. Eureka Math is a high level, rigorous program of study designed to specifically teach the College and Career Readiness Standards. The program was developed by drawing the materials from the top thinkers and programs currently in the world such as Singapore Math, Math Solutions (Marilyn Burns) and the NCTM. For more information on Eureka Math, please visit their website: http://greatminds.net/maps/math/homeThe Topics of Study we will be exploring this year are:
- Bar Model method for solving problems
- Area Model for solving multiplication problems
- Big 7 method for solving division problems
- Area model for division
- Place Value and Decimal Fractions
- Multi-Digit Whole Number and Decimal Fraction Operations
- Addition and Subtraction of Fractions
- Multiplication and Division of Fractions and Decimal Fractions
- Addition and Multiplication with Volume and Area
- Problem Solving with the Coordinate Plane
- Properties of two-dimensional shapes.