• Welcome Back to school 8th Grade!


      Eighth Grade: Citizenship and Civic Engagementin today's world

    The content focus will be viewed through civic and economic lenses. Citizenship and civic engagement will be taught through inquiry. Eighth grade students will make connections between historical and current/contemporary issues as a base for implementing change in society. Students will recognize and practice their roles and responsibilities as both American and global citizens. United States History will focus on the major events that have their roots in the Constitution, Bill of Rights, and subsequent amendments.


    There are many topics to pursue in 8th grade. LEAs should identify topical emphases to allow for depth of study needed to effectively engage student/learners in the inquiry process.



    ● Foundations of the United States government stemming from historical events such as the American Revolution and Civil War
    ● Constitution including structure, function, and principles
    ● Formal institutions such as Congress, the courts, the presidency, and linkage institutions such as media, elections, interest groups, polling, and political parties
    ● Historical and current legislation and landmark Supreme Court cases
    ● Civil rights movements throughout American history
    ● Immigration
    ● Amendments to the Constitution that have expanded the right to vote and equal protection under the law
    ● Social movements and issues both historical and current including the constitutional principles and structures (amendments, courts, Congress, and executive orders) that spur, promote, and protect these movements
    ● Human rights and genocides including treaties and organizations that promote human rights and a study of the nations and leaders that abuse human rights and/or support genocide (In addition to the study of the Holocaust, other genocides should be studied)
    ● Environmental issues
    ● Information and media age including digital citizenship and media literacy
    ● Terrorism both domestic and international and how it influences citizens’ safety and rights
    ● Examination of primary and secondary sources including written and oral histories, images, and artifacts
    ● Disciplinary skills and processes including change and continuity over time, multiple perspectives, using and understanding sources, and cause and effect



    An important aspect of our Republic is that an educated and engaged citizenry is vital for the system to work. In a government where the final authority and sovereignty rests with the people, our local, state, and federal governments will only be as responsive as the citizens demand them to be. Preparing students for the contemporary society cannot be accomplished without a strong emphasis on civics, economics, geography, and history – the core disciplines of the social studies. It is imperative that each generation gains an understanding of the knowledge, skills, and dispositions to participate fully in civic life in a rapidly changing world.


    The Arizona History and Social Science Standards are premised upon a rigorous and relevant K-12 social studies program within each district and school in the state. Engaging students in the pursuit of active, informed citizenship will require a broad range of understandings and skills including:



    Think analytically by
    ● Posing and framing questions
    ● Gathering a variety of evidence
    ● Recognizing continuity and detecting change over time
    ● Utilizing chronology to examine cause and effect relationships
    ● Drawing and combining reasonable inferences from a variety of sources to build an understanding of complex questions



    Read widely and critically by
    ● Examining, interpreting, and contextualizing primary sources focusing on author, purpose, and audience of each source
    ● Identifying and comparing historical, geographic, economic, and political science interpretations from a wide variety of secondary sources
    ● Utilizing broader understanding to discern subtext in primary and secondary sources


      Communicate cogently and in a compelling manner by
    ● Developing and defending evidenced based arguments
    ● Utilizing multiple perspectives for comprehensive explanations
    ● Practicing and cultivating a wide variety of diverse types of writing
    ● Engaging in constructive conversations around history and social science topics


    The Arizona History and Social Science Standards, through the emphasis on content knowledge, disciplinary skills, and process and the integration of inquiry elements will prepare Arizona students to engage actively in civic life and meet the needs and challenges of the 21st century



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