Analyze and interpret data to explain that matter of any type can be subdivided into particles too small to see and, in a closed system, if properties change or chemical reactions occur, the amount of matter stays the same.


    Plan and carry out investigations to demonstrate that some substances combine to form new substances with different properties and others can be mixed without taking on new properties.


    Construct an explanation using evidence to demonstrate that objects can affect other objects even when they are not touching


    Obtain, analyze, and communicate evidence of the effects that balanced and unbalanced forces have on the motion of objects.


    Define problems and design solutions pertaining to force and motion.


    Analyze and interpret data to determine how and where energy is transferred when objects move.


    Develop, revise, and use models based on evidence to construct explanations about the movement of the Earth and Moon within our solar system.


    Obtain, analyze, and communicate evidence to support an explanation that the gravitational force of Earth on objects is directed toward the planet’s center.


    Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information about patterns between the offspring of plants, and the offspring of animals (including humans); construct an explanation of how genetic information is passed from one generation to the next


    Construct an explanation based on evidence that the changes in an environment can affect the development of the traits in a population of organisms.


    Obtain, evaluate, and communicate evidence about how natural and human-caused changes to habitats or climate can impact populations.


    Construct an argument based on evidence that inherited characteristics can be affected by behavior and/or environmental conditions.