No Child Left Behind Changed the Role of the Federal Government in Education
When President Bush signed into law the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), dramatic changes were made to education in this country. This new law represented the most sweeping changes to the Elementary and Secondary Education Act since it was enacted in 1965. It changed the federal government’s role in kindergarten-through-grade-12 education by asking schools to describe their success in terms of student achievement.
The act contained then President Bush's four basic education reform principles: stronger accountability for results, increased flexibility and local control, expanded options for parents, and an emphasis on teaching methods that have been proven to work.
While the mandates of NCLB remain in place, the ESEA legislation is under review and significant changes are expected upon reauthorization of the bill.